What You Should Know About Kidney Stones
By Greater Austin Urology
July 12, 2018
Category: Urology
Tags: kidney stones  

According to the National Kidney Foundation, one in ten people will develop kidney stones at some point in their life, and the incidence of kidney stoneskidney stones continues to rise for both men and women. Although anyone can develop a kidney stone at any point, there are a number of factors that can increase the risk. Dr. Lucas Jacomides, a urologist at Greater Austin Urology in Austin, TX, offers diagnostic and treatment options for kidney stones and other urology problems.

Kidney Stones Diagnosis and Treatment

Kidney stones are most common in men over age 30, but they also affect women and children. According to statistics, the incidence of kidney stones is on the rise, and close to half a million people seek emergency treatment for kidney stones every year.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones (also known as renal lithiasis or nephrolithiasis) are hardened salt and mineral deposits that develop in the kidneys. Depending on the size and number, kidney stones can be incredibly painful as they move out of the kidneys and through the urinary tract.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

You may not be aware that you have a kidney stone until it begins to pass through your urinary tract. Some of the common signs and symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Sharp, radiating pain from the groin or lower abdomen
  • Painful urination
  • Foul smelling or dark colored urine (pink/red/brown)
  • Urinating more than usual or in small amounts
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Fever/chills (sign of an infection)
  • Blood in urine

It is important to see a doctor as soon as possible for symptoms like severe pain or signs of infection.

There are four types of kidney stones:

  • Uric acid
  • Calcium
  • Struvite
  • Cystine

What Causes Kidney Stones?

There are a few factors that can increase the risk:

  • Dehydration
  • High sodium and protein diets
  • Obesity
  • Family history
  • Side effect of digestive procedures or issues like gastric bypass surgery, chronic diarrhea, or inflammatory bowel disease

Treating Kidney Stones

Depending on the size and severity, a urologist may recommend dietary changes, medication, or surgery.

To learn more about kidney stone prevention and treatment, contact Dr. Lucas Jacomides at Greater Austin Urology in Austin, TX by calling (512) 540-3937 to schedule an appointment.

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