Urology Blog

Posts for tag: kidney stones

By Greater Austin Urology
April 23, 2019
Category: Urology
Tags: kidney stones  

Kidney stones are a common problem that can affect people of all ages. There are a number of factors that can lead to kidney stones and kidney stonesincrease an individual's risk of developing them at some point. Dr. Lucas Jacomides, a urologist at Greater Austin Urology in Austin, TX, offers diagnostic and treatment options for kidney stone removal.

Kidney stones are solidified deposits of salt and minerals, and can range in size from small enough to safely pass on their own, to large enough to require surgery to remove them. There are four types of kidney stones: calcium, uric acid, cystine, and struvite.

Common Causes and Risk Factors for Kidney Stones

Kidney stones crystallize when the urine contains an abnormally high concentration of minerals like oxalate, calcium, and uric acid. Staying hydrated and drinking sufficient water on a regular basis is one of the most important things you can do to lower your risk.

Along with dehydration, there are several other factors that may increase the risk of developing kidney stones:

  • Personal history (they can be more likely to reoccur if you've had them before)
  • Family history
  • High sodium/fat diets
  • Obesity
  • Certain digestive issues

Symptoms

The symptoms vary depending on the size and location of the stones. The most common symptom is pain in the side, lower abdomen, back, or groin. Kidney stone related pain typically fluctuates and comes in waves. Some people also experience pain while urinating. Other symptoms include:

  • Dark colored urine (brown, red, or pink)
  • Foul odor from urine
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Urinating more than usual, or in small amounts
  • Urine looks cloudy

Seek prompt medical attention if you experience severe pain, have trouble urinating normally, have blood in the urine, or have signs of an infection like fever, vomiting, or chills.

For more information about the causes, risk factors, and preventive steps you can take for kidney stones, contact Greater Austin Urology in Austin, TX by calling (512) 540-3937 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Jacomides today.

By Greater Austin Urology
July 12, 2018
Category: Urology
Tags: kidney stones  

According to the National Kidney Foundation, one in ten people will develop kidney stones at some point in their life, and the incidence of kidney stoneskidney stones continues to rise for both men and women. Although anyone can develop a kidney stone at any point, there are a number of factors that can increase the risk. Dr. Lucas Jacomides, a urologist at Greater Austin Urology in Austin, TX, offers diagnostic and treatment options for kidney stones and other urology problems.

Kidney Stones Diagnosis and Treatment

Kidney stones are most common in men over age 30, but they also affect women and children. According to statistics, the incidence of kidney stones is on the rise, and close to half a million people seek emergency treatment for kidney stones every year.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones (also known as renal lithiasis or nephrolithiasis) are hardened salt and mineral deposits that develop in the kidneys. Depending on the size and number, kidney stones can be incredibly painful as they move out of the kidneys and through the urinary tract.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

You may not be aware that you have a kidney stone until it begins to pass through your urinary tract. Some of the common signs and symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Sharp, radiating pain from the groin or lower abdomen
  • Painful urination
  • Foul smelling or dark colored urine (pink/red/brown)
  • Urinating more than usual or in small amounts
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Fever/chills (sign of an infection)
  • Blood in urine

It is important to see a doctor as soon as possible for symptoms like severe pain or signs of infection.

There are four types of kidney stones:

  • Uric acid
  • Calcium
  • Struvite
  • Cystine

What Causes Kidney Stones?

There are a few factors that can increase the risk:

  • Dehydration
  • High sodium and protein diets
  • Obesity
  • Family history
  • Side effect of digestive procedures or issues like gastric bypass surgery, chronic diarrhea, or inflammatory bowel disease

Treating Kidney Stones

Depending on the size and severity, a urologist may recommend dietary changes, medication, or surgery.

To learn more about kidney stone prevention and treatment, contact Dr. Lucas Jacomides at Greater Austin Urology in Austin, TX by calling (512) 540-3937 to schedule an appointment.



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